a) How to bruh our teeth: Place the brush on the interface of teeth anf gingival with 45o angle and brush the outer surface in small circular pattern from gingival towards teeth. Brush the interior of teeth facing tongue and palate with same circular movement. In order to brush the interior and back surfaces of frontal teeth, place the brush on chewing surface of your teeth and move back and forth. Don't forget to brush your tongue.
b) How should a brush be choosen: Preferably the handle of the brush should be straight, the part where brushes are should be small and the tips of the brushes should be rounded. Electrical brushes may be used.
c) Why should we use dental floss?: Brushing is not enough for removing plaque. The side surfaces of teeth which are stuck on each other canbe cleaned by floss. One session in a day before sleeping is enough.
d) What is plaque?: Off-white and easily removable layer is formed on teeth which are not brushed for 24 hours. There are many bacterias on this layer. This layer is called plaque.
e) What is teeth decay?: Bacterias and the acid formed by bacterias causes unrecovarable decay in teeth enamel. These are called teeth decay.
f) What is feeding bottle teeth decay?: These are decays which found at children below age 2.5 because of feeding bottle and sweetened pacifier left on mouth for a long time. These are soft brown decays on upper incisor section. To prevent, one should refrain from long feeding, sweetener should not be added to feeding bottle, teeth should be cleaned by a dump gauze, teeth should be brushed after the age of 1.5, regular examination of a dentist after the age of 2 should be ensured.
g) Can we prevent teeth decay?: It was proved that proteins, especially cheese has decay deterrent features. Milk, raw creals, goods including phosphate and cocoa has also decay deterrent effects. Foods requiring chewing such as apple, carrot are also beneficial. Additionally saliva has cleaning feature on teeth. However the most important and effective way of preventing decay occurance is mouth care.
h) When children have teeth?: In some cases babies come with teeth which are called natal teeth. Those come within 30 days after birth are called neonatal teeth. These are generally not fixed and since baby may swallow them and mother may irritate while breast feeding, the solution is extraction.
i) What are the precautions for babies having healthy teeth?:
- nutrition: a well balanced diet including largely protein. Avoid soft and sticky foods
- hygiene: mouth care and cleaning should be instilled into child after the age of 1.5.
- fluorination: 1 ppm/day fluor is necessary for mouth health up to age of 10-11.
- meeting dentist: when milk dentition is completed (after age of 2.5) children should be taken to dentist
i) Teeth and pregnancy: Although te amount of plague during pregnancy, It is known that the possibility of gingival desease increases. This is a concequence of hormonal change in this period. It gets back to normal after birth.
k) Teeth therapy during pregnancy: The second quarter (between 3rd and 6th month) of pregnancy is suitable for dental treatment Unless it is compulsory, one should avoid from it during the first and the last quarter and consult with a dentist before pregnancy.
I) Teeth therapy and diabetes: Fasting blood glucose should be below 140 mg/l for surgical operations. Early analysis in the morning is suitable. Oral hypoglicemic should be taken before treatment.
What should be done for broken tooth?: Broken teeth mostly happen between the age 6 and 13. For infants it is between the age 1.5 and 2.5. Milk teeth should immideatelly cured. Dislocated tooth should be handled from crown, rinsed and taken to a dentist while it's kept in mouth, serum physiological or milk, immidiate treatment gives better results. After 24 hours, it is imposible to relocate.